The brooch has not really changed much over the centuries. Basically, it is an ornamental piece with a pin of some sort. Its purpose has changed, however, as originally brooches were used to hold a tunic together at the neck or to keep a veil around the throat. It slowly moved from having a practical use to a predominantly ornamental use over time. The clasps, hinges and other findings used for brooches can assist date them. The first type of brooch was the fibula which had a straight pin which was threaded through the garment and then caught up behind a part of the brooch. Then the pin was bent and coiled into a circle, becoming the forerunner of a safety pin. The next main developments in brooches were the Celtic penannular brooch, a crescent shaped brooch, the circular brooch, basically a round brooch which originated from simple discs of coiled wire, and the ring brooch, which was popular in the 13th century. None of these had a clasp. It was not until the 14th century that clasps began to be used on brooches.
I appreciated this article as I’m always at a loss as to what to call a clasp. Jennifer www. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually recognize what you are talking about! Kindly also discuss with my website.
S SILVER NORWEGIAN SOLJE BROOCH Pin cha cha style C clasp #Solje. Accessorize your wardrobe with jewelry and watches that showcase your style.
Certain markings were only used in specific time periods. However, if there are no markings on a piece, then we must turn to other methods of dating. The style of clasps will often give us a relatively good idea of how old a piece is. There are several types of clasps that were used on brooches from very early days right up to contemporary pieces.
The T Bar clasp is one of the earliest styles of clasps for brooches and pins. They were used throughout the Victorian Era. The pin extended slightly over the edge and had no locking or holding mechanism. C clasps were also popular during the Victorian era. One way to tell if it is a very early piece is to examine the pin itself.
This old style C Clasp shows the pin extending quite a way beyond the brooch and held by a C piece of metal. The extra length of pin helped to secure the brooch to heavy Victorian fabrics. Trombone clasps are named after the musical instrument that requires a push and pull to operate. This style of clasp uses this push pull method of closing. It was used from as early as the late s.
US4314389A – Double fold over jewelry clasp – Google Patents
Unlike most modern brooches, fibulae were not only decorative; they originally served a practical function: to fasten clothing , such as cloaks. In English, “fibula” is not a word used for modern jewellery, but by archaeologists, who also use “brooch”, especially for types other than the ancient “safety pin” types, and for types from the British Isles.
There are hundreds of different types of fibulae. Fibulae are also divided into classes that are based upon their general forms. Fibulae replaced straight pins that were used to fasten clothing in the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. In turn, fibulae were replaced as clothing fasteners by buttons in the Middle Ages.
These markings are usually located on the clasp of a necklace, the inside of a ring or bracelet, or the post of an earring. Unless the item is over.
Results 1 – c clasps used for neck clasps. Another good clue to avoid reproductions are ready made pieces such as pins. Reading and was used to be used through the t-bar pin clasps used. I’m trying to date monogrammed on vintage, latches. At its clasp also called fish hook and many people want to create your jewelry using a lovely modern reproduction. Welcome introduction, c clasp was between antique jewelry. Most common types are usually bought with a particular type of beverly hills vet wowed in jewelry companies.
One of a pin clasps box clasps and joints.
The Jewellery Muse
This invention relates to jewelry clasps and more particularly to a jewelry clasp having two sets of fold over interlocking fastening means, with the fold over means of one set having a folding movement in a direction opposite to the folding movement of the other set. Jewelry clasps are used to connect the free ends of necklace chains, watch bands, strap bracelets and the like.
The very nature of the clasp, the association with delicate jewelry chain requiring a small, delicate esthetic appearance, requires delicate locking means. Such locking means, however, hold extremely valuable pendants, pearls, etc. The delicate nature of the clasp makes the opening and closing of the clasp a nuisance operation especially due to the ease with which the clasp or jewelry chain breaks when under the strain of opening.
The locking mechanism is therefore delicate and subject ot malfunction or accidental release, resulting in the detriment of the security of the necklace.
Take a look at these clues for dating old brooches and pins. Vintage Costumes Identifying and Dating Antique and Vintage Brooches and Pins: “C” Clasp 5 Easy Clues for Dating Antique or Vintage Jewelry – Jewelry reflects the taste and.
These are most often rendered in precious metals such as gold silver and platinum. Narragansett favored teardropshaped shell pendants and the claw pendants made of purple shell were worn by Iroquois in the Hudson Valley around the Connecticut River. I have a pearl necklace with a gold flower clasp and inlaid sapphire. Today several Iroquois silversmiths are active. Carved shells and incised animal teeth especially bear teeth have been popular for pendants.
As a general rule signatures without a copyright symbol indicate the piece was manufactured prior to. With the exception of silver jewelry which was introduced to Zuni Pueblo in the th century most of the materials commonly worked by Zuni jewelry makers in the th century have always been in use in the Zuni region. Molds the matrix and die cold chisels scissors pliers files awls and emery paper also come into play. Trifari Vintage Jewelry Marks Resource Ive published a brief guide with photos that discusses various signagures for Trifari vintage jewelry.
Great info thanks for sharing What do you call a tiny tag or symbol attached to the jewelry My grandma left me tons of jewelry and many pieces have a tiny gold key attached.
Dating Vintage Jewelry By Clasp Fastenings
Things we might think are so valuable can be worth mere dollars, and others that look like a simple chain are worth thousands. One of the first things you can do when you acquire a new piece of jewelry is to look for hallmarks. These markings are usually located on the clasp of a necklace, the inside of a ring or bracelet, or the post of an earring.
A Visual Dictionary of Jewelry Clasps CLASP: A small device, typically metal, Smaller lobster claws, with round levers date to the s and the larger ones with This c-clasp from the early 20th century, has a safety lever.
Exactly what I was looking for: a good and easy explanation of vintage jewellery. I love this site. Thank you so much and I will be following your site in great detail. As promised, I am continuing my ongoing series about what you should be looking for and understanding as you put together a collection of vintage costume jewelry. In the last chapter, we talked about necklace and bracelet clasps used.
Today, I will talk about clasps used on brooches. It is easier to date some vintage and antique brooches, compared to other types of vintage jewelry, by inspecting the clasps used.
Hallmarks on Period Jewelry
Many people want to know about dating vintage and antique brooches, and how they can tell if a brooch is old. Below, you can see some photo examples of the age and types of brooch clasps, starting from the earliest. The T-bar is named after the T shape of the hinge left of picture , while the C-clasp is named after the c shaped hook catch the pin fits into right. This type of brooch fixing was generally used throughout the Victorian period and up until around the Art Deco era.
Note the long pin, which stretches way over the brooch itself. Note that the long pin was still popular.
They took the form of a C and C-clasps would continue to be used up until the early Edwardian period. agate mourning brooch 4IMG_ C-.
One of the best ways to avoid reproductions and fakes is to know and understand how originals are made. Reproductions are rarely made the same as originals due to changes in materials, labor costs and modern production techniques. When looking at brooches, you can get a good idea of the age of the piece by studying the catches, hinges and pins Fig. For the purposes of our discussion we are going to use the words “brooch” to mean the decorative, ornamental piece.
The word “pin” will refer to the pointed piece of metal that pierces the clothing. The “hinge” is the assembly that allows the pin to pivot. The “catch” is the piece or mechanism that holds the fastener at the pointed end opposite the hinge. Pins, hinges, catches and other non-decorative pieces such as jump rings, latches, etc. Tube hinges were also used during other eras but not to the extent they were used during last half of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century.
Tube hinges are formed by three cylinders, or tubes, of hollow metal Figs. Two tubes are attached to the decorative piece; one tube is attached to the pin.